Install ClamAV on RHEL/CentOS 7, and configure clamd

ClamAV on RedHat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) and CentOS 7 can be installed from Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux (EPEL) repository.

One liner to install EPEL repo, ClamAV packages, and correct configuration files.

yum -y install epel-release; yum -y install clamav-server clamav-data clamav-update clamav-filesystem clamav clamav-scanner-systemd clamav-devel clamav-lib clamav-server-systemd; sed -i '/^Example$/d' /etc/freshclam.conf; sed -i '/^Example$/d' /etc/clamd.d/scan.conf; sed -i -e 's/#LocalSocket \/var\/run\/clamd.scan\/clamd.sock/LocalSocket \/var\/run\/clamd.scan\/clamd.sock/g' /etc/clamd.d/scan.conf; sed -i '/REMOVE ME/d' /etc/sysconfig/freshclam; systemctl enable [email protected]; freshclam; systemctl start [email protected]; systemctl status [email protected];

If everything is OK, output should end something like this.

Downloading daily.cvd [100%]
daily.cvd updated (version: 20882, sigs: 1566229, f-level: 63, builder: neo)
Downloading bytecode.cvd [100%]
bytecode.cvd updated (version: 268, sigs: 47, f-level: 63, builder: anvilleg)
Database updated (3990501 signatures) from database.clamav.net (IP: 104.131.196.175)
[email protected] - Generic clamav scanner daemon
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/[email protected]; enabled)
   Active: active (running) since Sun 2015-09-06 09:24:37 EDT; 16ms ago
 Main PID: 707 (clamd)
   CGroup: /system.slice/system-clamd.slice/[email protected]
           └─707 /usr/sbin/clamd -c /etc/clamd.d/scan.conf --nofork=yes

Sep 06 09:24:37 test.demo.local systemd[1]: Started Generic clamav scanner daemon.
Sep 06 09:24:37 test.demo.local clamd[707]: clamd daemon 0.98.7 (OS: linux-gnu, ARCH: x86_64, CPU: x86_64)
Sep 06 09:24:37 test.demo.local clamd[707]: Running as user clamscan (UID 998, GID 997)
Sep 06 09:24:37 test.demo.local clamd[707]: Log file size limited to 1048576 bytes.
Sep 06 09:24:37 test.demo.local clamd[707]: Reading databases from /var/lib/clamav
Sep 06 09:24:37 test.demo.local clamd[707]: Not loading PUA signatures.
Sep 06 09:24:37 test.demo.local clamd[707]: Bytecode: Security mode set to "TrustSigned".
[[email protected] ~]#

ClamAV Installation details:

Install EPEL repo:

EPEL can be installed from CentOS Extras repository, which is enabled by default, with the following command.

yum -y install epel-release

In case epel-release package is not available for any reason, it can be installed from Webtatic or Fedora servers, with following commands.

rpm -Uvh https://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el7/epel-release.rpm

or

rpm -Uvh https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm
Install ClamAV packages:

Once EPEL is installed ClamAV packages can be installed with the following command.

yum -y install clamav-server clamav-data clamav-update clamav-filesystem clamav clamav-scanner-systemd clamav-devel clamav-lib clamav-server-systemd

Once all necessary packages have been installed, freshclam.conf file needs to be edited, for ClamAV update to work.

Correct freshclam.conf file:

Default installation will return the following error when “freshclam” command is run, due to file being marked as example config file.

# freshclam
ERROR: Please edit the example config file /etc/freshclam.conf
ERROR: Can't open/parse the config file /etc/freshclam.conf

Error is caused by the following section in the freshclam.conf configuration file.

## Example config file for freshclam
## Please read the freshclam.conf(5) manual before editing this file.
##

# Comment or remove the line below.
Example

As specified in the file, last line in this snippet, needs to be removed, or commented out, in order for “freshclam” command to work.
Line can be removed with the following command.

sed -i '/^Example$/d' /etc/freshclam.conf
Enable automatic Updates:

By default freshclam cronjob is disabled, and last line needs to be removed or commented out from /etc/sysconfig/freshclam in order for automatic updates to run.

[[email protected] ~]# cat /etc/sysconfig/freshclam
## When changing the periodicity of freshclam runs in the crontab,
## this value must be adjusted also. Its value is the timespan between
## two subsequent freshclam runs in minutes. E.g. for the default
##
## | 0 */3 * * *  ...
##
## crontab line, the value is 180 (minutes).
# FRESHCLAM_MOD=

## A predefined value for the delay in seconds. By default, the value is
## calculated by the 'hostid' program. This predefined value guarantees
## constant timespans of 3 hours between two subsequent freshclam runs.
##
## This option accepts two special values:
## 'disabled-warn'  ...  disables the automatic freshclam update and
##                         gives out a warning
## 'disabled'       ...  disables the automatic freshclam silently
# FRESHCLAM_DELAY=


### !!!!! REMOVE ME !!!!!!
### REMOVE ME: By default, the freshclam update is disabled to avoid
### REMOVE ME: network access without prior activation
FRESHCLAM_DELAY=disabled-warn   # REMOVE ME
[[email protected] ~]#

Lines can be removed with following command.

sed -i '/REMOVE ME/d' /etc/sysconfig/freshclam
Correct scan.conf file:

Same needs to be done for scan.conf file

##
## Example config file for the Clam AV daemon
## Please read the clamd.conf(5) manual before editing this file.
##


# Comment or remove the line below.
Example

Following command removes the line from scan.conf file.

sed -i '/^Example$/d' /etc/clamd.d/scan.conf

We also need to define the socket file.
If we try to run clamd, following error is returned.

[[email protected] ~]# clamd -c /etc/clamd.d/scan.conf
ERROR: Please define server type (local and/or TCP).
[[email protected] ~]#

Checking the scan.conf file, we see socket file is commented out.

# Path to a local socket file the daemon will listen on.
# Default: disabled (must be specified by a user)
#LocalSocket /var/run/clamd.scan/clamd.sock

Comment can be removed with following command.

sed -i -e 's/#LocalSocket \/var\/run\/clamd.scan\/clamd.sock/LocalSocket \/var\/run\/clamd.scan\/clamd.sock/g' /etc/clamd.d/scan.conf

 

MySQLTuner Couldn’t find mysqladmin in your $PATH

If you try to run MySQLTuner on a default RHEL/CentOS 7 minimal install, you will receive an error due to “which” command not being found.

In order to resolve the error you need to add “which” to your CentOS/RHEL installation, or use the “–mysqladmin” switch to point to mysqladmin executable when running mysqltuner.pl.

When you try to execute MySQLTuner, you will receive a message like this:

# perl mysqltuner.pl
Can't exec "which": No such file or directory at mysqltuner.pl line 905 (#1)
(W exec) A system(), exec(), or piped open call could not execute the
named program for the indicated reason. Typical reasons include: the
permissions were wrong on the file, the file wasn't found in
$ENV{PATH}, the executable in question was compiled for another
architecture, or the #! line in a script points to an interpreter that
can't be run for similar reasons. (Or maybe your system doesn't support
#! at all.)

Use of uninitialized value $mysqladmincmd in scalar chomp at mysqltuner.pl line
907 (#1)
(W uninitialized) An undefined value was used as if it were already
defined. It was interpreted as a "" or a 0, but maybe it was a mistake.
To suppress this warning assign a defined value to your variables.

To help you figure out what was undefined, perl will try to tell you
the name of the variable (if any) that was undefined. In some cases
it cannot do this, so it also tells you what operation you used the
undefined value in. Note, however, that perl optimizes your program
anid the operation displayed in the warning may not necessarily appear
literally in your program. For example, "that $foo" is usually
optimized into "that " . $foo, and the warning will refer to the
concatenation (.) operator, even though there is no . in
your program.

Use of uninitialized value $mysqladmincmd in -e at mysqltuner.pl line 908 (#1)
Use of uninitialized value $mysqladmincmd in -e at mysqltuner.pl line 913 (#1)
[!!] Couldn't find mysqladmin in your $PATH. Is MySQL installed?

If you check the reported lines in mysqltuner.pl file, you will see that reported variable mysqladmincmd is found by looking for path of mysqladmin with “which mysqladmin” command.

# sed -n '905p;908p;913p' mysqltuner.pl
        $mysqladmincmd = `which mysqladmin`;
    if ( !-e $mysqladmincmd && $opt{mysqladmin} ) {
    elsif ( !-e $mysqladmincmd ) {

You can install “which” with following command.

yum -y install which

After installing the rpm, you will be able to execute mysqltuner.pl file.

Alternative to installing “which” is to run MySQLTuner with “–mysqladmin” switch and define the path to mysqladmin executable.

# perl mysqltuner.pl --help
   MySQLTuner 1.6.0 - MySQL High Performance Tuning Script
   Bug reports, feature requests, and downloads at http://mysqltuner.com/
   Maintained by Major Hayden ([email protected]) - Licensed under GPL

   Important Usage Guidelines:
      To run the script with the default options, run the script without arguments
      Allow MySQL server to run for at least 24-48 hours before trusting suggestions
      Some routines may require root level privileges (script will provide warnings)
      You must provide the remote server's total memory when connecting to other servers

   Connection and Authentication
      --host     Connect to a remote host to perform tests (default: localhost)
      --socket     Use a different socket for a local connection
      --port         Port to use for connection (default: 3306)
      --user     Username to use for authentication
      --pass     Password to use for authentication
      --mysqladmin   Path to a custom mysqladmin executable
      --mysqlcmd     Path to a custom mysql executable

      --noask              Dont ask password if needed

   Performance and Reporting Options
      --skipsize           Don't enumerate tables and their types/sizes (default: on)
                           (Recommended for servers with many tables)
      --skippassword       Don't perform checks on user passwords(default: off)
      --checkversion       Check for updates to MySQLTuner (default: don't check)
      --forcemem     Amount of RAM installed in megabytes
      --forceswap    Amount of swap memory configured in megabytes
      --passwordfile Path to a password file list(one password by line)
   Output Options:
      --silent             Don't output anything on screen
      --nogood             Remove OK responses
      --nobad              Remove negative/suggestion responses
      --noinfo             Remove informational responses
      --debug              Print debug information
      --dbstat             Print database information
      --idxstat            Print index information
      --nocolor            Don't print output in color
      --buffers            Print global and per-thread buffer values
      --outputfile   Path to a output txt file

      --reportfile   Path to a report txt file

      --template     Path to a template file

On CentOS 7 path to mysqladmin executable is “/usr/bin/mysqladmin”.

This is an example of a command which runs MySQL tuner, by manually specifying MySQL user and password, and path to mysqladmin executable.

perl mysqltuner.pl --user root --pass yourpassword --mysqladmin /usr/bin/mysqladmin